During your visit with Dr. Subject, we will examine your mouth for signs of periodontal disease. Diagnosing any problems early on is very important to your dental and overall health.
Periodontal Treatments and Preventative Care
Taking care of your gums is just as important as taking care of the rest of your body.
Periodontal disease affects your entire body.
Gum infection and inflammation, affect all organ systems. Recent studies show individuals with periodontal decease increase the risk of stroke, develop of heart disease, and diabetes by two to three times normal. You can also develop ulcers, osteoporosis and pre term child birth.
Gum diseases are best prevented by early detection and good oral hygiene. Diseases in your gums are particularly dangerous due to the progression of the disease is often painless and undetected until it is a serious problem.
We believe the best preventative method of periodontal disease is regular “check ups”. Check ups help us protect you against gum disease, tooth decay and stress related conditions such as “teeth grinding”.
Different Stages of Periodontal Disease
The early stages of gum disease are what we call gingivitis. It is when your gums become tender, swollen and likely to bleed. At this stage gingivitis can generally be stopped with treatment from your dentist and proper oral hygiene.
At this stage the gums begin to deteriorate and start to detach themselves from the teeth forming gum pockets, this allows plaque to gather below the gum line. This causes the roots of your teeth to become susceptible to decay.
This is an advanced stage of gum tissue and bone loss. Teeth become loose and may even need to be extracted. This causes difficulties in normal everyday chewing and biting. If advanced periodontal disease is left untreated, patients run the risk of other serious health problems.
- • Breath odor
- • Gums that appear bright red or red-purple
- • Gums that appear shiny
- • Gums that bleed easily (blood on toothbrush even with gentle brushing of the teeth)
- • Gums that are tender when touched but are painless otherwise
- • Loose teeth
- • Swollen gums
Note: Early symptoms resemble gingivitis.
The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation, remove “pockets” in the gums, and treat any underlying causes of gum disease.
Rough surfaces of teeth or dental appliances should be repaired.
It is important to have the teeth cleaned thoroughly. This may involve use of various tools to loosen and remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Proper flossing and brushing is always needed, even after professional tooth cleaning, to reduce your risk of gum disease. Your dentist or hygienist will show you how to brush and floss properly. Patients with periodontitis should have professional tooth cleaning more than twice a year.
More indepth procedures may be necessary depending what is necessary to treat the gum disease. Dr. Subject and staff can identify what needs to be done and recommend an effective treatment plan.